Traduction: du français

rings of power

  • 421 President

       The head of state, under the constitution of the French Fifth Republic (Cinquième république). The French president is elected by direct universal suffrage, for a term of five years in office. Since the 2008 constitutional reform introduced by President Sarkozy, a president may serve no more than two five-year terms in office. Election by universal suffrage was first introduced following a referendum organised by General de Gaulle in 1962. Originally the presidential term in office was seven years, with one president, F. Mitterrand, serving a full two terms. With presidential and legislative elections operating according to different calendars, swings in the popularity of parties and their leaders led in the mid eighties to situations or " Cohabitation", with presidents and parliamentary majorities from different sides of the political spectrum. In 2002, presidential and legislative elections were held within two months of each other, each leading to five year terms in office for those elected; thus president Chirac emerged for a second term in office with a solid parliamentary majority of his own supporters.
       The president is responsible for choosing his Prime Minister (see Premier Ministre), who proposes a team of government ministers which the president must approve. He is the chief of the executive, who oversees weekly cabinet meetings (see Conseil des ministres), and promulgates new laws. He is also the commander in chief of French forces. He has the power to dissolve theNational Assembly and call legislative elections - a power used rather disastrously in 1997 by Jacques Chirac, who dissolved the Assembly in attempt to give his "presidential majority" a rather less slender majority, only to see the Socialist opposition voted into power.
       In exceptional cases of national emergency, Article 16 of the Constitutiongives the president the power to rule without the consent of parliament.
       See also Giscard d'Estaing, Pompidou

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > President

  • 422 Rance, barrage de la / usine marémotrice de la

       Pioneering project to create electricity from tidal power, the Rance tidal power station was opened in 1967. The mouth of the River Rance, in northern Brittany, has one of the greatest tidal variations anywhere in the world. The dam is 750 metres long, and its peak power output rating is 240 Mw. It accounts for 60% of the electricity produced in Brittany - but this figure is sure to fall fast with the development of more parcs éoliens (wind farms) in the area.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Rance, barrage de la / usine marémotrice de la

  • 423 Regionalisation

       decentralisation, devolution of power frm the central government to regional and departmental authorities. The process has been ongoing since the Loi de Décentralisation passed in 1982.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Regionalisation

  • 424 RTL

       In the age of state monoploies over broadcasting, French listeners could tune into a number of stations that were not under government control because they were broadcast from just outside France. For listeners north eastern France, RTL was one of two popular stations; though thanks to the power of its transmitter in Luxembourg, RTL could actually be picked almost throughout the country. Today it is the most popular radio station in France.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > RTL

  • 425 Soixante-huit

    , or 68
       the milestone year in French life and politics in the second half of the 20th century, when protests by students and workers almost brought down the French government, and led to sweeping changes in French society. The events of 68 were inspired and led by the young generation of the time, wishing to break out of the rather stuffy and conventional society of the time. They coincided with, though initially took a different form to, the 'youth revolution' in Britain and the USA; but while the UK's youth revolution was essentially social and cultural, and led by pop music and op art, France's revolution was political and cultural, a protest against the weight of the Gaullist state.
       The events of May 68 started on the drab concrete campus of the sprawling university of Nanterre in the northern suburbs of Paris, and quickly spread to other universities, notably the Sorbonne. Student leaders, among them DanielCohn- Bendit and Alain Krivine, called for radical change and the end of the 'bourgeois state'; students erected barricades in the Latin Quarter, and were soon joined by workers, notably from the huge Renault plant at Boulogne Billancourt in the Paris suburbs. Though political, the movement sidelined all existing political parties, including the Communists, considered by the new left-wing as being an 'obsolete' political force.
       Faced with turmoil on the streets and a partial collapse of French society, President de Gaulle fled to Germany on 29th May, before returning and promising new elections. But by the time the elections took place, theGrenelle agreements had been negotiated with the trade unions, the heat had died down, and many French people had become seriously alarmed by the turn of events. In the June elections, the Gaullist majority was returned to power with an increased majority.
       The events nevertheless marked the beginning of the end for de Gaulle. In 1969 he organised a referendum on decentralisation, promising to step down if the referendum failed. To a certain extent, de Gaulle's vision of decentralisation was not that wanted by the voters; but in addition, the referendum became seen as a plebiscite on the Gaullist system, rather than on decentralisation. The referendum proposal was rejected by 52.4% of voters, and de Gaulle stepped down.
       It is certain that a new France, less hide-bound, more emancipated and more free, emerged in the aftermath of 68. Whether this would have happened anyway, and whether the means justified the end, are questions about which there is still considerable debate in France to this day.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Soixante-huit

  • 426 Syndicat

       the French term for a trade union, or labor union. In France, trade unions are generally large organisations that spread across all sectors of labour, rather than sector-specific unions, and they are differentiated from each other by their political militancy and attachments. The three biggest unions are the CGT(formerly linked to the Communist party), the CFDT, and F.O. (Force Ouvrière). Many sector-specific unions (such as the SGEN - CFDT - Syndicat Général de l'Education National) are federated within these larger organisations. French trade unions have a degree of political and social power in France which far exceeds their representativity. Trade union membership in France is low by international standards - around 10% of the workforce (which is lower even than in the USA); yet as virutually the only form of legally constituted employee organisations, unions benefit from the position of privileged "social partners" ( partenaires sociaux) in a whole range of situations where decisions must be taken after discussion between employers and employees, or government and representatives of labour. See alsoparitarisme, SUD.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Syndicat

  • 427 Vignette auto

       French road tax disc, obligatory for all motor vehicles from 1956 to 2001. In 2001, to the great joy of French motorists, the "vignette" was abolished. while it lasted, the cost of an annual vignette varied according to the horse-power of the vehicle.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Vignette auto

  • 428 Chapitre 7. La Justice

    Article 119 Article 120 Article 121 Article 122 Article 123 Article 124 Article 125 Article 126 Article 127 Article 128 Article 129 __________ <На английском языке см. [ref dict="The Constitution of Russia (English)"]Chapter 7. Judicial Power[/ref]> <На немецком языке см. [ref dict="The Constitution of Russia (German)"]Kapitel 7. Die rechtsprechende Gewalt[/ref]> <На русском языке см. [ref dict="The Constitution of Russia (Russian)"]Глава 7. Судебная власть[/ref]>

    Constitution de la Russie > Chapitre 7. La Justice

  • 429 alimentation de secours

    Dispositif indépendant fournissant l'énergie électrique, qui doit être disponible en cas de panne de courant afin de garantir le bon déroulement d'un match.
    System that must be available in order to ensure that a match can proceed in the event of a power failure.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais (UEFA Football) > alimentation de secours

  • 430 autorité de l'arbitre

    Pouvoir dont dispose l'arbitre de veiller à l'application des Lois du Jeu pour le match qu'il est appelé à diriger, dès l'instant où il pénètre sur le terrain de jeu et jusqu'à ce qu'il le quitte.
    Power given to the referee to enforce the Laws of the Game in connection with the match for which he has been appointed, from the moment he enters the match venue until the time he leaves.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais (UEFA Football) > autorité de l'arbitre

  • 431 diagnostic de performance physique

    Série d'examens s'appuyant sur des méthodes et du matériel de haute technologie visant à objectiver les moyens de préparation physique par la mesure et l'évaluation des qualités physiques telles que l'endurance et la vitesse d'un sportif.
    Measurement of a muscle's ability to produce force continually over a period of time.
    Measurement of a player's aerobic power.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais (UEFA Football) > diagnostic de performance physique

  • 432 éclairage de secours

    Système permettant d'assurer le maintien de l'éclairage dans le stade, y compris à l'emplacement des sorties et le long des voies d'évacuation, en cas de panne de courant, afin d'assurer la sécurité et de guider les spectateurs.
    System that ensures that lighting is maintained in the event of a power failure, including along all exit and evacuation routes, for the purposes of ensuring safety and guiding spectators.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais (UEFA Football) > éclairage de secours

  • 433 réseau électrique

    Ensemble d'infrastructures permettant d'acheminer l'énergie électrique depuis les centrales de production vers les consommateurs d'électricité.
    Fixed network for electricity distributed by local or regional electricity providers.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais (UEFA Football) > réseau électrique

  • 434 abus de pouvoir

    abuse of power; ultra vires action

    Dictionnaire juridique, politique, économique et financier > abus de pouvoir

  • 435 accéder au pouvoir

    Dictionnaire juridique, politique, économique et financier > accéder au pouvoir

  • 436 appétit de pouvoir

    Dictionnaire juridique, politique, économique et financier > appétit de pouvoir

  • 437 assise politique

    Dictionnaire juridique, politique, économique et financier > assise politique

  • 438 ayant compétence pour

    having the authority (or power or capacity) to

    Dictionnaire juridique, politique, économique et financier > ayant compétence pour

  • 439 base politique

    Dictionnaire juridique, politique, économique et financier > base politique

  • 440 bras de fer

    [manoeuvre fondée sur l'intimidation] power play

    Dictionnaire juridique, politique, économique et financier > bras de fer

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • Rings of Power — Entwickler Naughty Dog Publisher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rings of power — Éditeur Electronic Arts Développeur Naughty Dog Date de sortie 1991 Genre Rôle Plate forme Megadrive Média …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rings of Power — Разработчик Naughty Dog Издатель Electronic Arts Создатели Геймдизайнер …   Википедия

  • Rings of Power — Éditeur Electronic Arts Développeur Naughty Dog Date de sortie 1991 Genre Rôle Plate forme Megadrive Média …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rings of Power — For the computer game, see Rings of Power (video game). The Rings of Power in J. R. R. Tolkien s Middle earth legendarium are magical rings created by Sauron or by the Elves of Eregion under Sauron s tutelage. Three were intended for the Elves,… …   Wikipedia

  • Rings of Power —  / Ring of Power    The magical rings made by Sauron and the Mírdain.    Eregion was a land founded by the Noldor in the eighth century of the Second Age. Their leader was Celebrimbor, the grandson of Fëanor himself, and their skill and smithwork …   J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth glossary

  • Rings of Power (video game) — Infobox VG title = Rings of Power developer = Naughty Dog publisher = Electronic Arts released = 1991 genre = Console role playing game modes = Single player platforms = Sega Mega Drive/Genesis media = cartridge input = gamepad Rings of Power is… …   Wikipedia

  • Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age — The Silmarillion Ainulindalë Valaquenta Quenta Silmarillion Akallabêth Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age …   Wikipedia

  • Power ring — or ring of power may refer to:*A ring in J. R. R. Tolkien s fictional Middle earth: ** Any of the twenty Rings of Power ** The One Ring, the most powerful of the Rings of Power * Ring of Power , an alternate title for Rock Rule , an animated film …   Wikipedia

  • rings —    Rings make excellent symbols of identity, authority, and obligations, being worn on the hand (itself a symbol of power), and visible both to the wearer and others. Hence they can indicate married status, personal pledges of love, legal… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Power steering — helps drivers steer vehicles by augmenting steering effort of the steering wheel. It does this by adding controlled energy to the steering mechanism, so the driver needs to provide only modest effort regardless of conditions. In particular, power …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.